Jared Linn Olar
From Royal Stewart to Stewart of Gartnafuaran (1370-1503)
Origin of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran (1503)
From Gartnafuaran to London (1500-1815)
Origin of the Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H. (1655)
The Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H., and their descendants
Appendix A – The Blackhall Connection
Appendix B – The Plantagenet Connection
I wish to take this opportunity to express my gratitude to several individuals without whose invaluable assistance this paper could not have been written. First, to my late grandmother, Frances Miller Shaw Keithahn, from whom I inherited not only a large amount of genealogical information, but more importantly, my interest in our family’s history. Next, to my late cousin, Clyde R. A’Neals, who shared with me the results of his decades of genealogical research, and his daughter, Geri Carver, who continued to assist me after her father’s death. Mary Stewart Clickner’s help is also greatly appreciated.
All researchers of the Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H., owe a great debt of gratitude to the late Philip B. Stewart II, to whom the credit goes for discovering the link to the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran. The late Kenneth Robertson also offered crucial assistance to Philip B. Stewart II, as did the still-very-much-alive James Dinwoodie. It is thanks to Mr. Dinwoodie that I was informed of the evidence supporting the Gartnafuaran connection of the Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H.
My fellow participants in The Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Forum have provided and continue to provide immense assistance, especially Rev. Ryk Brown, Chuck Speed, Charles Stuart, Kelsey Williams, and Belinda Dettmann. The forum is hosted online at http://www.chuckspeed.com/balquhidder/balquhidder%20stewarts.html. The Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Forum has particularly benefited from the research of Gordon MacGregor.
In some way, each of these cousins and helpers, and many others I have not named, have made their own individual contributions to this paper. Thank you all.
The Stewarts of Gartnafuaran
Jared L. Olar
Among the numerous branches that sprouted off that great Scottish tree of the Royal Stewarts are a group of families who in late medieval times put down roots in the middle of Scotland, in the Highland parish of Balquhidder, Perthshire. Of those Balquhidder families, only one still survives intact and in possession of its ancestral home: the Stewarts of Ardvorlich, currently represented by Alexander (“Sandy”) Donald Stewart, 15th laird of Ardvorlich, who lives in Ardvorlich House on the south shore of Loch Earn.1 The Stewarts of Ardvorlich are the senior line of the old Stewarts of Baldorran, who were in turn a junior branch of the family of Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, who was executed in 1425 by his first cousin, James I, King of Scots.2
Along with the Stewarts of Ardvorlich, the family of the Stewarts of Baldorran also gave rise to several other old Stewart families in and near Balquhidder parish, many of which long ago lost their lands or died out in the male line. Among these were the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran, the Stewarts of Glenbuckie, the Stewarts of Ledcreich, the Stewarts of Annat, the Stewarts of Lednascridan, the Stewarts of Glenogle, the Stewarts of Garthill, and the Stewarts of Blairgarry.3 A very great number of cadet branches sprouted off these families. They were affiliated in a clan-like relationship, though there was never anything like a formal succession of clan chiefs or captains.
In recent years, professional and amateur genealogical researchers have been reconstructing the histories of these Stewart families, and numerous female-line and even junior male-line descents from them have been identified. Here we shall trace the history of one of those old Stewart families of Balquhidder, the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran, beginning with the Royal Stewarts in the 1300s and continuing to the present day.
From Royal Stewart to Stewart of Gartnafuaran (1370-1503):
1. ROBERT II STEWART,4 King of Scots, founder of the Royal Stewarts, born 2 March 1315/6, died at Dundonald 19 April 1390, buried at Scone. After having served his country as High Steward of Scotland and twice held the post of Guardian of Scotland, Robert succeeded to the Scottish throne as heir of his maternal uncle David II Bruce on 22 Feb. 1370/1.
Robert II’s first wife (dispensation by Pope Clement VI on 22 Nov. 1347) was ELIZABETH MURE, daughter of Sir Adam Mure of Rowallan, by whom he had nine children:
- John Stewart, Earl of Carrick, reigned as King Robert III, had issue.
- Walter Stewart, Earl of Fife jure uxoris, died circa 1362, no issue.
2. ROBERT STEWART, Duke of Albany, had issue.
- Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, had issue.
- Margaret Stewart, married Eoin MacDonald, Lord of the Isles, had issue.
- Marjorie Stewart, married John, Earl of Moray.
- Elizabeth Stewart, married Thomas Hay, Constable of Scotland, had issue.
- Isabella Stewart, married twice, had issue.
- Jean Stewart, married three times, had issue.
Robert II’s second wife (dispensation by Pope Innocent VI on 2 May 1355) was EUPHEMIA, daughter of Hugh, Earl of Ross, by whom he had four children:
- David Stewart, Earl of Strathearn
- Walter Stewart, Lord of Brechin, Earl of Atholl
- Egidia Stewart, married Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale, had issue.
- Jean Stewart, md. Sir David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford, had issue.
Robert II also had eight known illegitimate children:
- Sir John Stewart, Sheriff of Bute, had issue.
- Thomas Stewart, Archdeacon of St. Andrews, Dean of Dunkeld.
- Alexander Stewart, canon of Glasgow.
- Sir John Stewart of Dundonald, Lord of Burley, called “the Red Stewart.”
- Alexander Stewart of Inverlunan.
- James Stewart of Kinfauns.
- Sir John Stewart of Cardney.
- Walter Stewart
2. ROBERT STEWART,5 1st Duke of Albany, Earl of Fife and Menteith, Guardian of the Kingdom, born in 1339, died at Stirling Castle 2 Sept. 1420. Because his older brother, King Robert III, suffered from permanent lameness, Robert was appointed Guardian of the Kingdom and became the most powerful man in Scotland. In 1398 his nephew, the Crown Prince David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, began to challenge Robert’s power. However, Robert managed to imprison David in Falkland, one of Robert’s castles, where David died 27 March 1402, either from dysentery or from starvation. Thus having eliminated a dangerous rival, on 16 May 1402 a parliament in Edinburgh exonerated Robert from responsibility for his nephew’s death.
In 1406 the king decided to send his only remaining son and heir, James, to France in order to prevent Robert from doing away with him as he had done away with David. But on or about 4 April 1406, the day King Robert III died, James was captured by the English, and he remained a prisoner in England until 1424. Instead of paying James’ ransom so he could return to Scotland and take the throne, Robert consolidated his own power and ruled Scotland with virtually a free hand until his death.
Robert’s first wife (dispensation 9 Sept. 1361) was MARGARET DE MENTEITH, Countess of Menteith, only daughter of Sir John Graham, Earl of Menteith jure uxoris, and Mary, Countess of Menteith. Margaret died about 1380. The known children of Robert and Margaret are:
3. MURDOCH STEWART, 2nd Duke of Albany, had issue.
- Janet Stewart, eldest dau. of this marriage.
Robert’s second wife was MURIELLA DE KEITH, eldest daughter of Sir William de Keith, Great Marischal of Scotland. Muriella died just before Whitsunday 1449. The known children of Robert and Muriella are:
- John Stewart, Earl of Buchan, had issue.
- Andrew Stewart, died ante 1413 without issue.
- Robert Stewart, living 1431.
Besides the above children, Robert had the following six daughters, but it is uncertain which of his wives was their mother. Most were probably Muriella’s:
- Maria Stewart, married Sir William Abernethy of Saltoun, had issue.
- Margaret Stewart, married Sir John Swinton of Swinton, had issue.
- Joanna Stewart, married Sir John Stewart of Innermeath, had issue.
- Isobel Stewart, married twice, had issue by both husbands.
- Marcellina (Marjory) Stewart, md. Sir Duncan, 1st Lord Campbell, had issue.
- Elizabeth Stewart, married Malcolm Fleming of Biggar, had issue.
3. MURDOCH STEWART,6 2nd Duke of Albany, Earl of Fife and Menteith, born probably 1362 in Dunreath, Strathblane, Argyllshire, beheaded 25 May 1425 on the hill of Stirling Castle. Murdoch succeeded his father in his ducal and comital titles, also becoming Governor of Scotland. In 1424 he finally achieved the ransom of his cousin James I, and on 21 May 1424 he exercised the Earl of Fife’s traditional duties at James’ coronation at Scone. However, by a stern justice not tempered with mercy, within a year the king had determined to forcibly suppress the political corruption that had grown during his long imprisonment, and to rid himself of the Albany family which had prospered at James’ expense. On 25 March 1425, the king ordered that Murdoch and others, including Murdoch’s sons and father-in-law, be arrested and tried. On 24 May 1425, Murdoch’s eldest surviving son and heir, Sir Walter, was convicted and beheaded at Stirling. The next day, Murdoch, his son Sir Alexander, and his father-in-law were convicted and beheaded. They were all buried in the Blackfriar’s Church at Stirling.
Murdoch’s wife (indenture dated at Inchmartin, 17 Feb. 1391/2) was ISOBEL DE LENNOX, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Duncan, Earl of Lennox. Isobel died in 1458 or 1459. Murdoch and Isobel had five children:
- Robert Stewart, Master of Fife, died 1421 without issue.
- Sir Walter Stewart of Fife, Lennox, and Menteith, had issue.
- Sir Alexander Stewart, no issue.
4. SIR JAMES MHOR STEWART, had issue.
- Isobel Stewart, married Sir Walter Buchanan of that Ilk.
4. SIR JAMES MHOR STEWART,7 born circa 1400 in Stirling, died in 1451 in Ireland. From his mother he had a charter of the lands of Baldorran (Balindoran), Campsie. When Sir James heard that his father, brothers, and grandfather had been imprisoned by King James I, he raised a small force and came down out of the Highlands, descending upon Dumbarton and killing “the Red Stewart,” his own great-uncle, Sir John Stewart of Dundonald, governor of Dumbarton Castle, one of King Robert II’s illegitimate sons. For the sack of Dumbarton and murder of Sir John Stewart, James Mhor had to flee to England, where he remained in exile until 1429. In that year, he went to Ireland, where he remained until his death in 1451.
James Mhor made an unlawful sexual union (perhaps an undispensed consanguineous marriage) with a lady of the MacDonald clan, said in a late source to be the daughter of a MacDonald “Earl” of Antrim, perhaps to be identified with Iain Mor MacDomhnaill, 1st of Dunyveg and the Glens, a descendant of the Lords of the Isles.8 By this MacDonald lady, James had two children:
5. JAMES BEG STEWART, had issue.
- Matilda Stewart, married William Edmonstone of Duntreath, had issue.
5. JAMES BEG STEWART,9 1st of Baldorran, born circa 1415-1420, perhaps in Antrim, Ireland, date of death unknown. At some point a pardon was obtained allowing James Beg to return from Ireland to Perthshire, Scotland, where he established himself in Baldorran. In 1466, Easter Baldorran was granted to James Beg by John Stewart, Lord Darnley. The Stewarts of Baldorran were known in Gaelic as the Sliochd tigh an t-eilean, “offspring of the house of the island,” from their stronghold on an island in Loch Vennacher in the Trossachs.
James Beg married circa 1438 to ANNABEL BUCHANAN, daughter of Patrick Buchanan, 13th of that Ilk, who was born circa 1415-1420 in Stirlingshire. Four sons of James and Annabel are known:
- John Stewart, predeceased his father, no issue.
- William Stewart, 2nd of Baldorran, ancestor of Ardvorlich, Annat, Glenbuckie,
Lednascridan, and their cadets.10
6. ANDREW STEWART, 1st of Gartnafuaran, had issue. [SEE BELOW]
- Alexander Stewart, 1st of Garroquhill (Garthill), had issue.11
Origin of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran (1503):
Recent research has established that the founder of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran, Andrew Stewart, was a younger son of James Beg Stewart, 1st of Baldorran.12 However, the old family tradition of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran maintained that Andrew was a son of William Stewart, 2nd of Baldorran. This tradition is reflected in Duncan Stewart’s 1739 genealogical history of the Stewarts, where Andrew is listed as the third son of William Stewart. Duncan Stewart wrote that Andrew was “said by some (particularly his descendants) to be the son of William Stewart of Baldorran.”13 Apparently the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran even contested the seniority of their cousins, the Stewarts of Ardvorlich, claiming that Andrew Stewart, 1st of Gartnafuaran, was William’s oldest son, and thus an older brother of the Ardvorlich ancestor Walter Stewart, 3rd of Baldorran.14 However, in other sources Andrew is identified as an illegitimate son of William Stewart, 2nd of Baldorran.15
Those earlier traditions have been shown to be false. In The Landed Families of Strathearn, Scottish genealogist Gordon MacGregor writes that Andrew Stewart “is styled as brother to William Stewart of Balindoran when both were appointed by Royal Letters under the Seal of King James IV dated 16 May, 1495, to give Sasine for the lands of Ardbechlorne to Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreith on 26 May, 1495.”16
In a recent email communication with a genealogical researcher, MacGregor explained, “Firstly it has to be considered that there has been no son Andrew Stewart so far located for William Stewart of Balindoran, and if there had been he would have been nominated as a substitute heir to his brother Walter Stewart in the lands of Duchlas in 1500 as John Stewart (1st of Glenbucky) then appears. Entails were designed to confirm destinations and, so far as was possible, keep lands in the male line. So why exclude other sons?”17
Andrew Stewart had sasine of the lands of Gartnafuaran by 1503. His descendants were known in Gaelic as the Sliochd an tigh mhoil or Sliochd an Toighbhaoil, which means “Children of Voil House,” apparently because they lived near Loch Voil in Balquhidder parish.18 Gartnafuaran is situated just to the southeast of the village of Balquhidder, with the River Balvag along its northern border. Gartnafuaran is a Gaelic place name that is thought to mean “vineyard of the eternal spring” – gart = “corn field or vineyard,” na = “of the,” fuaran = “an eternal spring or a green spot near a spring.”19 The form of the name has changed over the centuries, but the pronunciation seems to have changed but little. In early records and various sources, one can find any of these spellings:
Gartnascrow, a scribal error for Gartnafarow.
Gartnafarrow, or Gartinfarrow
Gartnafuara, or Gart-na-fuara
Gartnafuaroe, or Gartnafuarae
Gartnaferan, or Gartnaferran
Gartnafueran, or Gartnafuero
Gartnafuaran, the present spelling.
Gartnafuaran was the possession and home of this family for ten generations, from about 1500 until the mid-1700s, when Walter Stewart, 10th of Gartnafuaran, sold off their ancestral home. Afterwards the family removed to Torrie near Callander, and then moved to London, England, where they are lost sight of in the early 1800s. But several cadet branches remained in Perthshire, while another cadet is known to have immigrated to Ulster and then to North America.
In the old genealogical manuscript known as Stewarts of the South, the lands of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran are described in this way:
“Their property in Balquhidder included the farms of Gartnafuaran,
Cean na coille, and Stron slan and Dail riach in Glenbuckie. Glen Du
in Glenbuckie was their sheiling or grazing place. Gartnafuaran and Stron-slan
with Cean a choille and Dail riach were sold to a McLeod from Skye. . . . It
is said that the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran had Wester Invernenty before it
became the property of the family of Glenbuckie, and they were once laying
claim to the barony of Strathgartan on Loch Catherine-side.”20
From Gartnafuaran to London (1500-1815):
6. ANDREW STEWART,21 1st of Gartnafuaran, born circa 1459 probably in Baldorran, a younger son of James Beg Stewart, 1st of Baldorran. As mentioned above, Andrew appears in documents dated to 1495 and 1503. His wife is unknown, but he had two sons:
7. ALEXANDER STEWART, 2nd of Gartnafuaran.
- John Stewart, ancestor of the Stewarts of Blairgarry.22
7. ALEXANDER STEWART,23 2nd of Gartnafuaran, born circa 1500 probably in Gartnafuaran. According to a document in the Reg. Privy Seal dated 8 Sept. 1569, “Alexander Stewart in Gartnascrow” (recte “Gartnafarow”) and his sons Andrew and Duncan were among several persons from Balquhidder (including members of the Stewart of Glenbuckie family) who were involved in the Dec. 1568 murder of Hugh and John Stewart, for which they were required to pay a gift of an escheat to Alexander Stewart of Pittareg.24
Alexander married (NN) GRAY and had four sons. After Alexander’s death, his widow married Macnab of that Ilk (either Finlay Macnab of Bovaine, who died childless prior to 20 July 1574, or Finlay’s brother and heir Alexander Macnab of Bovaine).
Alexander’s sons were:
8. ANDREW STEWART, 3rd of Gartnafuaran.
- John Stewart in Kirkton.25
- Duncan Stewart
- Robert Stewart, ancestor of the Stewarts of Glenogle.26
8. ANDREW STEWART,27 3rd of Gartnafuaran, born circa 1530 probably in Gartnafuaran. Besides the abovementioned 1569 Reg. Privy Seal reference to Andrew, The Black Book of Taymouth shows that “Andro Stewart in Gartnafoir,” his brother “Johne Stewart in Kirkton,”28 and several other Stewarts signed a bond of 1557 for their kinsman Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy.29 Thomson’s Retours says that in 1575, “Andrew Steuart in Gartnafarrell” served on the jury as a sponsor in the Special Retour of his cousin James Stewart of Baldorran in the lands of Innercreithan and Croftinterray.30
Andrew Stewart, 3rd of Gartnafuaran, married his cousin (NN) STEWART, daughter of Patrick Stewart, 2nd of Glenbuckie. Their son was:
9. WALTER STEWART, 4th of Gartnafuaran.
9. WALTER STEWART,31 4th of Gartnafuaran, born circa 1560 probably in Gartnafuaran. He married ELIZABETH BUCHAN.32 Their son was:
10. ALEXANDER STEWART, 5th of Gartnafuaran.
10. ALEXANDER STEWART,33 5th of Gartnafuaran, born circa 1580 probably in Gartnafuaran. According to the Edward S. Gray Papers, Alexander Stewart, 5th of Gartnafuaran, was the “Allester Dow Stewart” of the 1636 Trial of Gilderoy.34 However, it is also possible that Allester Dow was Alexander’s son, also named Alexander. The trial records state that Gilderoy’s party broke into and stole articles from the dwelling house of Allester Dow Stewart at “Gartnafarrow.” James Stewart of Ardvorlich served on the jury in this trial.
Alexander married JANET MACGRIGOR and had four sons:
11. ANDREW STEWART, 6th of Gartnafuaran.
- Walter Stewart, perhaps “Walter Du Mor” who fell at Kilsyth in 1645.35
- Robert Stewart, perhaps Robert Stewart of Culgartmore, or perhaps “Rob Dubh Mor”36
- Alexander Stewart, perhaps “Alastair Og”59 and “Allester Dow”34
11. ANDREW STEWART,37 6th of Gartnafuaran, born circa 1600 probably in Gartnafuaran. In a 1622 petition by Lord Madertie for relief against those chargeable with him for the taxation of the Abbey of Inchaffray, “Andrew Stewart of Gartinfarrow” was charged a sum of money “for a part in the pendicles of the Kirk of Monzievaird.”38
Andrew married his cousin MARGARET STEWART, daughter of Alexander Stewart, 1st. of Ardvorlich. Their son was:
12. WALTER STEWART, 7th of Gartnafuaran.
12. WALTER STEWART,39 7th of Gartnafuaran, born 1620 probably in Gartnafuaran. Walter was one of the signatories of the 1654 Bond of Keltney Burn in tacit support of King Charles II.40 The Edward S. Gray Papers say Walter’s will was probably confirmed 27 March 1679.41
Walter married his first cousin ISOBEL STEWART, daughter of John Stewart, 6th. of Glenbuckie. Isobel’s mother was also named Isobel, sister of Walter’s mother Margaret.42 Walter and Isobel are known to have had three sons:
13. ALEXANDER STEWART, 8th of Gartnafuaran.
- Robert Stewart, Covenanter, married Janette Forsyth. [SEE BELOW]
- John Stewart
13. ALEXANDER STEWART,43 8th of Gartnafuaran, born circa 1650 probably in Gartnafuaran, died circa 1733. Alexander was confirmed in the lands of Gartnafuaran in 1722 and had sasine of his lord the Duke of Atholl that same year.44 On 13 Dec. 1729, he granted sasine to James Campbell, son of Duncan Campbell, brother of the laird of Edinample, for the eighth part of the lands of Gartnafuaran called Stronslany. A few years later, on 9 Aug. 1732, Alexander and his son James granted sasine in favor of Walter Stewart in Glenfinglas in security for a bond of 600 merks Scots.
Alexander married MARGARET CAMPBELL, daughter of Colin Campbell in Dundurn, and had two sons, along with a probable illegitimate daughter:
14. JAMES STEWART, 9th of Gartnafuaran.
- Walter Stewart, perhaps baptised in 1696.
- Mary Stewart, baptised 2 Aug. 1704.
14. JAMES STEWART,45 9th of Gartnafuaran, married JANET CAMPBELL, daughter of Alexander Campbell of Ardeonaig, relict (i.e. widow) of James Campbell of Leckrip. They had four sons:
15. WALTER STEWART, 10th of Gartnafuaran.
- Alexander Stewart, baptised 28 Oct. 1726 in Gartnafuaran.
- Colin Stewart, baptised 3 July 1731 in Gartnafuaran.
- Robert Stewart, born 15 June 1743 in Callander, Perthshire.
- Malcolm Stewart, born 28 March 1747 in Callander, Perthshire.
15. WALTER STEWART,46 10th of Gartnafuaran, baptised 23 August 1725 in Gartnafuaran. Walter sold off the lands of Gartnafuaran. According to Stewarts of the South (circa 1815), “Gartnafuaran and Stron-slan with Cean a choille and Dail riach were sold to a McLeod from Skye, and now the property of John McG[regor] Murray. Sir J[ohn] McG[regor] Murray sold Glen Mor to Capt. Stewart of Glenbucky at the rate of 4,000 pounds double the value.”47
In the Ardvorlich Papers, we read, “Sir John MacGregor Murray bought Gartnafueran from Lord Bannatyne, a paper lord, the brother of his wife . . . . Bannatyne must have bought Gartnafuero from its last Stewart laird, about whom Donald has heard from a man Macintyre who knew him, that he was a grand rider, and when chased by his enemies, could jump on any stray horse’s back, and as he ran away could with his long arms pick up stones from the road, and pelt his pursuers.”48
Walter may be the Walter Stewart who, according to the old parish register of Callander, clandestinely married JANET STEWART in Glasgow, Lanark, on 18 April 1748.49 Janet is believed to be the same as Janet, born circa 1733, eldest daughter of John Ban Mor Stewart of Auchnahard in Glenfinglas. The clandestine marriage in Glasgow suggests that Walter and Janet eloped, presumably because Janet likely was no older than 15. The Walter and Janet mentioned in the old Callander parish register resided in Glenfinglas and had four children, who thus could all be the children of the last laird of Gartnafuaran. In addition, the last laird of Gartnafuaran may have been the father of Walter Stewart, tenant in Auchnahard of Glenfinglas:
- Catherine Stewart, born 17 April 1750 in Dowart, Callander, Perthshire.
16. ALEXANDER STEWART, born 1 August 1751 in Callander.
- John Stewart, born 8 August 1753 in Callander.
- Margaret Stewart, born 2 Dec. 1755 in Dowart, Callander.
- Walter Stewart, tenant in Auchnahard of Glenfinglas, had three sons.53
16. ALEXANDER STEWART,50 was certainly a son of Walter Stewart, 10th of Gartnafuaran, and may be the Alexander Stewart who, according to the Callander parish register, was born 1 August 1751 in Callander, son of a Walter and Janet Stewart. Stewarts of the South says Alexander “lived in a decent, respectable manner from a fortune, or small income, which he had by his wife. He resided at a place called Torrie near Callander.”51 Alexander’s wife is unknown, but he reportedly had two sons:
17. WALTER STEWART, a clerk in London.
- Alexander Stewart, went to the West Indies.
17. WALTER STEWART,52 born circa 1775 in Scotland, son of Alexander Stewart, son of Walter Stewart, 10th of Gartnafuaran. Stewarts of the South (circa 1815) says, “The real representative of that family at present is a young man (Walter), a clerk in London, grandson to the late Walter Stewart who disposed of the lands of Gartnafuara . . . Walter has also another brother in W[est] Indies, named Alexander, who is said to be doing well.”53 With this generation, this family is lost sight of.
The following seven cadet branches of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran are listed in Stewarts of the South:
1. The Stuiartich a’ Bhaid, “Second Branch . . . . in ancient times the oldest branch of the family of Gartnafuara.”54 If this family was the oldest branch of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran, they must be identical with the Stewarts of Blairgarry, who were descended from John Stewart, younger son of Andrew Stewart, 1st of Gartnafuaran.55 Not much is known about either the Stewarts of Blairgarry or the Stuiartich a’ Bhaid. From the mid-1700s to the early 1800s, members of the Stuiartich a’ Bhaid dwelled at Doune, Culntogle in Callander parish, Glasgow, Grodich at Glenfinglas, and Monavrechie in Menteith.56 Living descendants of the Stuiartich a’ Bhaid have been identified.
2. The Sliochd Rob Dhuibh mhoir, “Children of Big Black Robert,” associated with Wester Ardchubry, Balquhidder parish.57 “Branch third, or what is called ‘Sliochd Rob Dhuibh mhoir,’ who was a son of Gartnafuara, tenant of Wester Ardchubry, Balquhidder parish in Strathyre district of Auchlessy, whose descendant was Rob McDonachie, lately one of the four tenants of Ardcheanacnocan . . . .”58 Since Rob Dubh Mor is described as “a son of Gartnafuara,” he apparently was a son of one of the senior tacksmen of Gartnafuaran. He may be the same as Robert Stewart, third son of Alexander Stewart, 5th of Gartnafuaran.
3. The Sliochd Sheun Rob is Alastair oig, “Children of Old Robert and Young Alexander,” which apparently is an error for Sliochd Sheun Rob ic Alastair oig, “Children of Old Robert son (or descendant) of Young Alexander.” They were a group of Gartnafuaran cousins who were associated with Wester Invernenty, Balquhidder parish, and afterwards with Glenfinglas.59 “Branch fourth, ‘Sliochd sheun Rob is (ic?) Alastair oig,’ two brothers. About three generations ago they came from Wester Invernenty in Balquhidder, formerly the property of the family of Gartnafuarae . . . . James, brother to ‘Sean Rob,’ came to Glenfinlas about three generations back and became Tacksman of Grodich at Glenfinlas.”60 The brothers Sean Rob and James, and their father Alastair Og, must have lived in the late 1600s and early 1700s. But if Alastair Og was their ancestor rather than father, he may have been Alexander, youngest son of Alexander Stewart, 5th of Gartnafuaran. Living descendants of this branch have been identified.
4. The Stewarts of Glenogle, also known as the Stewarts of Hyndfield and Stronvar, or the Stewarts of Cloich-glas, descendants of Robert Stewart, 1st of Glenogle, a younger son of Alexander Stewart, 2nd of Gartnafuaran.61 “Branch fifth, commonly called the Stewarts of Glen-ogle or Cloich-glas, near Lochearnhead or Hyndfield, all in parish of Balquhidder.”62 One of the branches of the Stewarts of Glenogle intermarried with the Stewarts of Glenbuckie and temporarily possessed Glenbuckie before it was swindled from them by the Stewarts of Benmore, a branch of the Stewarts of Appin. Another Glenogle branch were the Stewarts of Wester Achtow and their descendants, the Stewarts of Achra, of whom living descendants have been identified.
5. The Stewarts of Coille mhori, who owned farms in Buchanan and Aberfoil parishes.63 “Branch Sixth or what is called the Stewarts of Coille mhori, Buchanan parish, Stirlingshire Loch-Lomondside, to whom belonged three farms now the property of the D[uke] of Montrose, viz. Blair eagen and Claischoil, both in the parish of Aberfoil, Lordship of Menteith and D[uke] of Montrose’s property, with Coille mhori and two other farms which they had free.”64 This branch was descended from Robert Stewart of Culgartmore, who is likely to be the same as Robert Stewart, third son of Alexander Stewart, 5th of Gartnafuaran.
6. The Stewarts of Portnellan, so called from a farm in Strathgartney, near Callander on the north bank of Loch Vennacher.65 “Branch seventh, or what is called the Port-an-ealan Stewarts.”66 This family apparently lived at Portnellan from the early 1700s until the early 1800s.67
7. The Stuirtaich Chireu, or Stewarts of Brackland, Callander parish.68 “Branch eight, commonly called ‘Stuirtaich Chireu’ from their ruddy complexion.”69 Janet Stewart, a daughter of this family, married James Graham, laird of Lennister, in 1808. Living descendants of that marriage have been identified.70
Because the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran were a relatively obscure and undistinguished family, much more research must be done before we can be sure of exactly how these seven cadet families branched off the main lineage. However, genealogical research has successfully identified a Stewart family of North America, the Stewarts of Londonderry, New Hampshire, and Colrain, Massachusetts, as an eighth Gartnafuaran cadet. Research has shown that they were descendants of Robert Stewart, second son of Walter Stewart, 7th of Gartnafuaran. This family is of particular interest to me because it is a branch in my mother’s family tree.
Origin of the Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H. (1655):
The origin of the Stewarts of Londonderry, New Hampshire, is a question that long had vexed many genealogists.71 Prior to the discovery that they were a cadet of Gartnafuaran, their lineage was known back to a Robert Stewart, born 1655 and died 1714, a Covenanter who fought at the Battle of Bothwell Brigg, 22 June 1679.72 Family tradition affirmed that this Robert was the son of a Walter Stewart who had an estate in Perthshire, and – like the traditions of many Stewart families in North America – this Robert was said to have belonged to a branch of the Royal Stewarts.73
After Robert’s death, which traditionally was in Edinburgh, his widow, Janette, and his children are found in Aghadowey, in the Bann River valley in County Antrim, Ulster, Ireland.74 In 1718, Janette and her children left Ireland with several other Scots Irish families, settling in New Hampshire, where they founded the town of Londonderry.75 From there, the descendants of Robert and Janette have spread throughout North America as well as to other continents. The date of Janette’s death is not known, but she apparently lived until 1750 or so, as we see from this excerpt from B. Frank Severance’s history of this family:
“Captain [John] Stewart [born 12 Sept. 1745] had a distinct remembrance
of his aged great-grandmother [Janette Forsyth Stewart]. He used to relate
to [his grandson] Homer her stories of the family’s persecutions by ‘Bonnie
Dundee,’ in Scotland. . . . Homer H. Stuart once remarked that the character
‘Henry Morton of Milnwood,’ in Sir Walter Scott’s Romance ‘Old Mortality,’
reminded him of Robert Stuart as portrayed in these tales of Captain Stewart’s
great-grandmother. For Robert, according to these stories, fought against
Monmouth and in consequence was exiled and deprived of his estate.”76
Besides the stories and information handed on by Janette, another very important source of Stewart family tradition was a letter dated 28 Aug. 1818, written by Janette’s grandson, Joseph Stewart of White Creek, New York, born 17 Jan. 1721, to his son John Stewart. The letter contains crucial information about this family’s history, but it raises almost as many questions as it answers. It is worth quoting in its entirety:
“I have received your letter and I am sorry to hear of your sickness.
“By all accounts of our descent, we are of the royal house of the Stewarts.
My Father was John the eldest son of Robert my Grandfather, who was
obliged to fly to Ireland when they were newly married. My Granny was
sent to Edinburgh and he was born there. As far as I can learn, they belong
to the House of White Rose and not altogether separated from the House of
Black Hall. My Grandfather’s family’s names was John and Robert and
their sister’s name was Juleyan, Samuel, the youngest. My Grandfather had
a good estate in Scotland when he fled from it. King William would do
nothing about it, neither would Queen Anne, but when King George came to
the crown their Uncle Samuel Stewart, by the help of the Duke of Argyle,
recovered it. That must be the estate you mention. I was informed that
Uncle Samuel died without issue, left no heirs. The way that I came to know
of our descent was by old Father James Stewart of Colrain. You may
remember young James, who married at last Margaret Anderson your cousin.
That descent was from White Rose, for he himself belonged to Black Hall.
He had a catalogue of the house of Stewarts for many hundred years, but son
Alx carried it away with him to Pennsylvania. I did not know all this until
after my father’s death [i.e., 6 April 1741]. This I knew, they belonged to
the Rose party, by reason of the high esteem they had for Charles the 1st, who
had many good properties.
“My father’s eldest son Charles who is your uncle, and my Father and your
grand Uncle Robert would never own the last pretender or any of the race by
reason of his spurious birth. No man dare assail the name of Stewart that
was if he would not forfeit his life. It gives you the reach, James the 1st had
two sons James and Robert, James the 3rd had two sons James and Robert.
This is the whole I can give you at present. I am afraid you can’t read for
since I got that fall at your house I could never hold a pen to write straight.
I would beg you would acquaint me of your proceedings therefore I rest.”77
As researchers of this family know very well, Joseph’s letter is not at all easy to interpret, no doubt because at the age of 97 his memory was no longer what it used to be. It seems that “the House of White Rose” refers to the royal line, which would agree with Joseph’s affirmation that his family was a branch of the Royal Stewarts. On the other hand, Joseph later refers to “the Rose party,” indicating not a genealogical link, but rather political support for King Charles I against Oliver Cromwell and the Duke of Argyll.78
Joseph’s reference to “the House of Black Hall” has led many researchers to investigate the family of the Stewarts of Blackhall and Ardgowan in order to find possible links to Joseph Stewart’s ancestors.79 However, since “House of White Rose” seems to refer to political affiliation rather than genealogy, it’s quite possible that “House of Black Hall” is also a political reference rather than a genealogical one. A descendant of this family, the late Clyde R. A’Neals of San Diego, California, proposed that Joseph’s grandfather Robert was the same as Robert Stewart, one of the sons of Walter Stewart of Pardovan, who was the third son of Sir Archibald Stewart of Blackhall and Ardgowan.80 That theory seemed promising, but has been disproved – because Joseph’s grandfather Robert was born in 1655, whereas it has been discovered that Robert Stewart of the Pardovan family was born in 1666 and died without issue.81 In any event, family tradition connected Robert with Perthshire, not Pardovan in Linlithgowshire.
Joseph’s confused and confusing references to Samuel Stewart’s supposed recovery of Robert’s lost estate, as well as James the first and James the third (whoever they were – apparently the Scottish kings James I and James III) each having sons named James and Robert, provided no help in the search for the origins of the Stewarts of Londonderry. We still would not know where this family came from, were it not for the discovery of the significance of a series of Stewart names and marriages written in an old Scottish family Bible that had been printed in Edinburgh in the mid-1700s.
The credit for that discovery goes to the late Philip B. Stewart II, who was eighth in male-line descent from Robert Stewart (1655-1714).82 With the assistance of two Scots ancestry researchers, the late Kenneth Robertson and James Dinwoodie, Stewart was able to confirm that the Stewart names and wives in that Bible were those of four of the lairds of Gartnafuaran. Stewart discussed the family Bible in an undated letter that he wrote after Robertson’s death in 1988 to Muriel Walker of the Stewart Society in Edinburgh. Here is the relevant excerpt from Stewart’s letter (emphasis added):
“In addition I have the data from the Merrell Bible. This book was
handed down to Miss Merrell who showed me her Bible which came
down to her from her g-g-g-grandmother Margaret b. 1731. She
would not let me take the Bible to a copy center. The Bible entries go
back to Walter b. 1620 who married Isobel Stewart, Andrew who
married Margaret, daughter of Alex Stewart of Ardvorlich and
Alexander who married Janet MacGregor. This was enough to show
me that we are descended from the Gartnafuarans. These entries
appear to have been made about 1760 or maybe as late as 1780-90
probably by Margaret.”83
In another note dated 29 Aug. 1988, Stewart clarified that the Merrell Bible entries also include the names of Walter Stewart and his wife Elizabeth Buchan.84 Thus, in the Merrell Bible the ancestry of Robert Stewart (1655-1714) is taken back four generations in the male line. This Bible had come to the Merrell family from their Anderson ancestors – the Bible apparently had belonged to Margaret Anderson, mentioned above in Joseph Stewart’s letter as the wife of “young James” Stewart of Colrain, Mass., son of the “old Father James Stewart of Colrain” who had informed Joseph of his royal ancestry.85
The information from the Merrell Bible shows that during the 1700s, the old family tradition of the Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H., identified their ancestor Robert Stewart as the Robert Stewart who appears in Duncan Stewart’s 1739 history of the Stewarts as the second son of Walter Stewart, 7th of Gartnafuaran. This agrees with Joseph Stewart’s statement that his family had supported King Charles I during the Civil War and the time of Cromwell, because Walter Stewart, 7th of Gartnafuaran, is known to have been a supporter of Charles II after the assassination of Charles I.86
The Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H., and their descendants:
Here is the line of descent from the Stewarts of Londonderry to my own family.87 Note that my maternal lineage traces back to the Margaret Anderson who is believed to have added the Gartnafuaran names to the family Bible that was inherited by her Merrell descendants.
13. ROBERT STEWART, 2nd. son of Walter Stewart, 7th of Gartnafuaran (see no. 12 above), was born in 1655 and died 1714. Circa 1680, he married JANETTE FORSYTH, perhaps the daughter of John Forsyth and Catherine Morisone. Robert was a Covenanter and fought at the Battle of Bothwell Brigg near Glasgow on 22 June 1679, where the government routed the rebel Covenanters. Robert not long afterwards fled to Ulster – perhaps in or near Carrickfergus, County Antrim, home of his eldest son John’s wife. Robert was said by his grandson Joseph to have later returned to Edinburgh and died there, but his widow Janette, son John, and other members of his family either remained in or returned to Ulster. Robert’s widow Janette, son John, and other family members left Aghadowey, Ulster, in 1718 and came to America, where Janette died circa 1750. According to tradition, Janette was buried at Chandler Hill Cemetery near Colrain, Mass.
The children of Robert and Janette were:
14. JOHN STEWART, had issue.
- Robert Stewart, ancestor of Nora Stewart Yahl of St. Louis, Missouri.
- Julianne Stewart
- Samuel Stewart, said to have returned to Scotland and died there.
14. JOHN STEWART, born 1682 (traditionally in Edinburgh, but perhaps in or near Carrickfergus), died 6 April 1741 in Londonderry, New Hampshire, buried in Forest Hill Cemetery near Londonderry; married 1st. ELIZABETH CLARK of Carrickfergus; married 2nd. ELIZABETH FORSYTH. John came to America in 1718 with his mother and those of his children then living, and became one of the “charter” founders or proprietors of Londonderry. Consequently he is often called “Charter John Stewart” to distinguish him from other men named John Stewart from that general time and locale.
Eight children of John are known:
15. CHARLES STEWART, had issue.
- Robert Stewart, married Lydia Blair (?).
- James Stewart
- John Stewart, married Rebecca (Costa) Patten
- Mary Stewart
- Samuel Stewart, md. Alice Atchison (perhaps widow of his brother James)
- Joseph Stewart, married 1st Margaret Thompson, 2nd Hannah Hescock.
- Margaret Stewart, married William Aiken.
15. CHARLES STEWART, born 1705 (?) possibly in Ireland, came to America with his father in 1718, died 1777 in Colrain, Mass.; married 1st (in 1727) MARY EAYRES (Ayers), dau. of William and Mary Eayres of Londonderry, N.H.; married 2nd. MARTHA AYERS, dau. of Samuel Ayers of Colrain, Mass.; married 3rd JENNET LINLEY of Pelham, Mass. Charles, who lived at Londonderry, N.H., before moving to Colrain, had nine children:
- Elizabeth Stewart, married her cousin John Clark of Colrain.
- Mary Stewart, married Abraham Peck.
16. MARGARET STEWART, married three times.
- William Stewart, md. Elizabeth Clark, sister of John Clark of Colrain, above.
- John Stewart
- Jennet Stewart, married Joseph Bell of Halifax, Vermont.
- Rebecca Stewart, married her cousin John Stewart of Londonderry, NH.
- Lydia Stewart, married Joseph McKown of Colrain.
- Samuel Stewart
16. MARGARET STEWART, born 4 Oct. 1731, died 30 Dec. 1830 in Shelburne, Mass., buried in Chandler Hill Cemetery, Colrain, Mass.; married 1st (in 1751) JOHN KATELY of Colrain, died 1754; married 2nd (in early 1755) JOHN ANDERSON, died 22 Dec. 1780; married 3rd (in 1781) her kinsman JAMES STEWART, JR., of Colrain, son of James Stewart, Sr., of Colrain. (By a prior marriage, James Stewart, Jr., was the male-line ancestor of Mary Stewart Clickner.) Margaret was probably the one who wrote the Gartnafuaran names in a family Bible that was inherited by her descendants.
Margaret had 13 children:
- Hannah Kately
- John Kately
- Mary Anderson, married Matthew Barber.
- James Anderson, married Marcy Stebbins.
17. REBECCA ANDERSON
- David Anderson, married 1st. Olive ....., married 2nd. Mercy Childs.
- Lydia Anderson
- Elizabeth Anderson
- Jonathan Anderson
- Margaret Anderson, married Jonas Torrey.
- Samuel Anderson
- Martha Anderson
- Sarah Anderson
17. REBECCA (“Babra”) ANDERSON, born 3 Sept. 1759, died 20 Dec. 1834; married 13 May 1779 to JOHN LINN, a Revolutionary War veteran, born 17 Aug. 1754 in Boston, Mass., died 28 April 1834 in Windsor, Maine, son of George Linn.
John and Rebecca had 11 children:
- Mary Polly Linn, married Nehemiah Ward
- John Linn, married 1st Nancy Hilton, married 2nd Ada Randall.
- George Linn, died at two years of age.
- Joseph Linn, md. 1st Sarah Kennedy, 2nd Abigail Chadwick, 3rd Esther Fletcher.
- David Linn, married 1st Mary Ann Meggs, 2nd his first cousin Betsey Russel.
- Nathaniel Linn, married Abigail Grover Wight.
- James Linn, married Betsey Pierce.
- Nancy Linn, married 1st Jabez Meggs, 2nd Jacob Jewell.
- Cyrus Linn, married Susan Smith.
- Sarah (Sally) Linn, married Lot Chadwick.
18. GEORGE RUSSELL LINN
18. GEORGE RUSSELL LINN, Free Soiler and Abolitionist, born 30 Sept. 1800 in Colrain, Mass., died 3 Nov. 1886 in Chicago, Illinois, buried in Lee Center, Illinois; married 23 Dec. 1822 to ABIGAIL STINSON, born 11 Jan. 1799, died 12 Dec. 1880, dau. of Charles Stinson and Lydia Macomber.
George and Abigail had 10 children:
- Albert Brown Linn, married Julia Etta Starks, ancestors of Clyde R. A’Neals.
- Daniel Wentworth Linn, married Henrietta M. Gardner.
- Charles Franklin Linn, married Mary Asenath Wright.
- Jacob Jewell Linn, married Sarah Katherine LaForge.
- Herman Stinson Linn, married Catherine Emma Stephens.
- George Webber Linn, married Lucy J. Carey.
- Alphonso Clark Linn, engaged to Jennie Wheeler, died in the Civil War.
- Sarah Emma Linn, married Arthur Cox McIntire.
19. MARY REBECCA LINN
- Harriet Pauline Linn, married Charles Augustus North.
19. MARY REBECCA LINN, born 1 May 1841 near Lee Center, Illinois, died 1 Dec. 1917 in Chicago; married JAMES MONROE SHAW, a Civil War veteran of the 13th Illinois Infantry, born 26 June 1838 in Lee Center, Illinois, died 26 Dec. 1876 in Lee Center, Illinois, son of Manley Sherman Shaw and Malinda DeWolf. James’ health was ruined from his military service, which health problems eventually took his life the day after Christmas 1876.
James and Rebecca’s children were:
20. SHERMAN LINN SHAW
- Grace Shaw, married Charles Taylor Leonard.
- George Harry Thornton Shaw, married Sarah Clark.
- Arthur Monroe Shaw, married Henrietta Otis.
- Emma Adelia Shaw, died at the age of nine.
20. SHERMAN LINN SHAW, born 5 Oct. 1864 in Lee County, Illinois, died 9 Jan. 1942 in Lee Center, Illinois; married 1st ANNA KATHERINE MYNARD (died 1902), married 2nd GRACE ESTHER BENDER, born 26 Nov. 1878 in Mt. Carroll, Illinois, died 12 May 1941 in Lee Center, Illinois, dau. of Rev. Conrad Bender III and Clarissa Ellen Riche.
Sherman’s children were:
- Gertrude Katherine Shaw, died unmarried at age 26.
- Russel Mynard Shaw (born 1895), married Bessie C. Hewett, had issue.
- Eleanor Shaw (born 1909), married Ormand Schmid Baylor, had issue.
21. SHERMAN LINN SHAW II
21. SHERMAN LINN SHAW II, born 17 May 1912 in Lee Center, Illinois, died 14 Sept. 1973 in Rockford, Illinois; married 22 March 1935 to FRANCES MAE MILLER, born 18 Feb. 1917 in Dixon, Illinois, died 4 May 1993 in Dixon, Illinois, dau. of Norman Chester Miller and Bessie Mae Young.
Their only child was:
22. DOLORES FRANCES SHAW
22. DOLORES FRANCES SHAW, born 15 Aug. 1936 in Amboy, Illinois, died 10 Nov. 2007 in Dixon, Illinois; married 22 Dec. 1962 to JOSEPH OLAR, born 4 Dec. 1927, son of Alex Olar and Rose Paskar. Joseph currently lives in northern Illinois.
They had five sons:
- Ethan Joseph Olar, born 28 Nov. 1963.
- Jason Sherman Olar, born 11 August 1965.
23. JARED LINN OLAR
- Derek Andrew Olar, born 5 Nov. 1970, md. Kimberly Michelle Barnett, issue, two boys, Andrew Michael and Damien Anthony.
- Caleb Alden Olar, born 28 July 1974, married Annette Thede, divorced within a year, no children.
23. JARED LINN OLAR, born 6 Feb. 1968 in Peoria, Illinois; married 2 Feb. 1997 in Jerome, Illinois, to CHRISTINA CARLENE SPENCER, born 7 July 1972 near Des Moines, Iowa, daughter of Roy and Carolyn Spencer. Jared and Christina live in central Illinois. They have had seven children:
- Alexander James Shaw Stewart Olar, born 13 July 1999.
- Julia Marcellina Rose Olar, born 3 April 2001.
- Joseph Spencer Blackhall Olar, born 30 Dec. 2002.
- Elizabeth Pauline Frances Olar, born 24 March 2005.
- Stephen Carl Maximilian Olar, born 21 Feb. 2007.
- Anna Marie Dolores Olar, born 17 March 2009
- Tiburtius Susanna Olar, born and died 10 Aug. 2011
As discussed above, Joseph Stewart’s letter of 28 Aug. 1818 states that his family had some kind of connection to “the House of Black Hall.” Some researchers have thought that meant Joseph’s family was descended from the Stewarts of Blackhall and Ardgowan. Although Joseph’s words may refer to something else entirely, it is nevertheless interesting that in the female line, Joseph’s grandfather Robert Stewart did indeed have descents from the Stewarts of Blackhall and Ardgowan, as follows:
Blackhall Line A:
2. ROBERT III (John), King of Scots, born circa 1337, died 4 April 1406 in Rothesay Castle on the Isle of Bute. A papal dispensation of 13 March 1365/66 allowed him to marry ANNABELLA DRUMMOND, by whom he had three sons and four daughters. However, before his marriage he had two illegitimate sons by an unknown mistress (traditionally said to have been a daughter of Sir Archibald Campbell of Lochow, but that is problematic). One of those illegitimate sons was:
3. SIR JOHN STEWART, 1st of Auchingoun, Blackhall, and Ardgowan, born perhaps as early as 1355, died circa 1412. In a grant of 1402, Sir John is described as “brother-in-law” of Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow. However, tradition states that Sir John was the son of Sir Colin’s sister. It is possible that tradition turned Sir John’s wife into his own mother, perhaps because of a confusion between the father Robert III, whose original name was John, and the son, Sir John. Three children of Sir John are known — two daughters and a son. The son, John, succeeded in the lands of Auchingoun, Blackhall, and Ardgowan. One of the daughters was:
4. MARGARET STEWART, born circa 1384, died sometime after 4 Aug. 1442, married circa 1405 (as his second wife) SIR DUNCAN CAMPBELL of Lochow, 1st Lord Campbell, son of Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow, son of Sir Archibald Campbell of Lochow (see above, nos. 2 and 3). They had four sons, including her eldest:
5. SIR COLIN CAMPBELL, 1st of Glenorchy, born circa 1406, apparently died in 1475, buried in Kilmartin 26 Sept. 1475. Sir Colin married more than once. His last wife was MARGARET STIRLING, daughter of Luke Stirling of Keir, whom he married by 27 Oct. 1467. They had two sons and two daughters, including:
6. MARIOTA (MARION) CAMPBELL, who married WILLIAM STEWART, 3rd of Baldorran, sometime before 5 Oct. 1498. William’s sons were Walter, who succeeded in the lands of Baldorran, and John, who obtained Glenbuckie.
7. WALTER STEWART, 4th of Baldorran, King’s Baillie in Balquhidder, died 1575. He obtained a charter of confirmation of his ancestral lands in Sept. 1500, but sold Baldorran circa 1524. Walter married EUPHAM REDDOCH, daughter of James Reddoch of Cultobraggan, Comptroller of Scotland, and had two sons who died without issue. By an unknown mistress, Walter had an illegitimate son, who succeeded him:
8. JAMES STEWART, 5th of Baldorran, who sold Baldorran to the Glorat family. He married his cousin (NN) STEWART, daughter of Patrick Stewart, 2nd of Glenbuckie, and had five sons, including:
9. ALEXANDER STEWART, 1st of Ardvorlich, who married MARGARET DRUMMOND of Drummond-Erinoch. Alexander acquired Ardvorlich circa 1580. He and Margaret had several children, including Isobel Stewart, who married her cousin John Stewart, 6th of Glenbuckie, and:
10. MARGARET STEWART, who married ANDREW STEWART, 6th of Gartnafuaran. Their son was:
11. WALTER STEWART, 7th of Gartnafuaran, born 1620, who married his first cousin ISOBEL STEWART, daughter of John Stewart, 6th of Glenbuckie, by his wife Isobel Stewart of Ardvorlich (see no. 9 above). Walter and Isobel’s second son was:
12. ROBERT STEWART, born 1655 and died 1714, Covenanter, grandfather of Joseph Stewart. (Same as no. 13 under “The Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H., and their descendants,” above.)
Blackhall Line B:
5. SIR COLIN CAMPBELL, 1st of Glenorchy, born circa 1406, apparently died in 1475. His last wife was MARGARET STIRLING. (Same as Line A no. 5 above) They had two sons and two daughters, including:
6. JOHN CAMPBELL of Auchreoch, 1st of Lawers, slain on the field of Flodden, 9 Sept. 1513, married firstly AGNES (MARGARET) MONCREIFF, daughter of Sir John Moncreiff of that Ilk, and secondly CHRISTIAN OGILVIE. John Campbell and Agnes Moncreiff had three sons, including a second son:
7. JOHN CAMPBELL, 2nd of Murthly, who died in July 1567. His first wife was MARJORIE MENZIES, who died before 31 July 1562, and his second wife was MARGARET DRUMMOND, daughter of William Drummond of Balloch. He had three sons, as well as a daughter:
8. ELIZABETH CAMPBELL, married 1564 to SIR JAMES CAMPBELL, 6th of Ardkinglas, who died in 1591, son of Dougal Campbell by his wife Janet Graham. Dougal was a son of Sir John Campbell, 4th of Ardkinglas, while Janet Graham was a descendant of JAMES II, King of Scots (See APPENDIX B). James and Elizabeth had a son, John, who succeeded in the lands of Ardkinglas, and a daughter:
9. (NN) CAMPBELL, born say 1565, first wife of DUNCAN STEWART, 5th of Glenbuckie. Their son and heir was:
10. JOHN STEWART, 6th of Glenbuckie. (See Blackhall Line A no. 11 above)
Walter Stewart, 7th of Gartnafuaran, was the son-in-law of John Stewart, 6th of Glenbuckie. Through intermarriage with the Campbells of Ardkinglas, the Stewarts of Glenbuckie acquired a descent from James II, King of Scots, who was killed in 1460, who was in turn a descendant of Edward III, King of England, and many other medieval European monarchs.
In Duncan Stewart’s 1739 genealogical history of the Stewarts, we read that Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie, married twice: first, to “______ Campbell of the family of Ardkinglass,” and second, to “Katherine MacGrigor, granddaughter of Douglas Keir-mac-Grigor, predecessor to Innerlocharg & Glengyle.”
We then find listed six sons of Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie: John, successor of Duncan; Walter; Duncan; Patrick; John Beg; and Alexander. However, we are not told which wife was the mother of which sons. In early June 2004, the Scots genealogical researcher Gordon MacGregor informed Ryk Brown that to the best of his knowledge, John Stewart, 6th of Glenbuckie, was the son of his father’s first marriage. This is supported by the following considerations:
- John was the heir of his father Duncan, meaning he was either the eldest son, or the eldest surviving son.
- Duncan Stewart (1739) not only designated John as successor of his father, but lists John first in order, which support his being the eldest or eldest surviving son. As an eldest son, the odds are that he was born of an earlier marriage rather than a later one.
- Duncan Stewart also shows that John had a younger brother named John Beg, meaning “Little John” or “the younger John,” which distinguished him from his same-named older brother. In Scottish naming tradition of that era, the rule was that a father could “reuse” a name if he had children by another wife or consort. That is, if brothers share the same parents, they wouldn’t have the same name, but if they were half-brothers, they could both have the same name. That indicates that John Beg, obviously younger than John the heir, was born of the second marriage. Logically, that would mean John the heir was son of the first marriage, which means John the heir was son of the Campbell marriage, not the MacGregor marriage.
These considerations are subject to the criticism that John Beg could have been illegitimate, in which case John the heir could have been Katherine MacGregor’s son. However, he is never designated as an illegitimate son, so we must presume that he was legitimate. In support of John Beg as well as his younger brother Alexander being born of the MacGregor marriage, we should consider that Katherine MacGregor, their presumed mother, was either a daughter or a niece of Alasdair (Alexander), son of Dougal Ciar, which means Alexander, youngest son of Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie, could have been named after Dougal Ciar’s son.
Gordon MacGregor and Kelsey Williams have shown that, going by chronological considerations, the first wife of Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie, could only be a daughter of James Campbell, 6th of Ardkinglas, who married Elizabeth Campbell, daughter of John Campbell of Murthly. Williams has further shown that the 6th laird of Ardkinglas was the son of Janet Graham, whose maternal grandfather was Alexander Stewart, Bishop of Moray, son of Alexander Stewart, 3rd Duke of Albany, son of King James II.
Therefore, the line of descent from Edward III of the Dynasty of Plantagenet down to John Stewart, 6th of Glenbuckie, is as follows:
A. EDWARD III, King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Aquitaine, Earl of Chester, born 13 Nov. 1312 at Windsor Castle. He married 24 Jan. 1327/8 at York to PHILIPPA DE HAINAUT, daughter of Guillaume, Count of Hainaut. Edward III died at Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, on 21 June 1377, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. The fourth son of Edward III and Philippa was:
B. JOHN OF LANCASTER (John of Gaunt), Earl of Richmond, Duke of Lancaster, Duke of Aquitaine, Knight of the Garter, born March 1340 at St. Bavon’s Abbey, Ghent (Gaunt), Flanders, died testate at Leicester Castle on 3 or 4 Feb. 1398/9, and was buried at St. Paul’s Cathedral with his first wife. His third wife, whom he married at Lincoln Cathedral 13 Jan. 1395/6, was KATHERINE DE ROET, widow of Sir Hugh Swynford, younger daughter and co-heiress of Sir Pain de Roet, Guienne King of Arms, a Hainauter who was one of the knights of Queen Philippa’s household. Katherine at first was governess to John’s daughters, then became his mistress, bearing him children before their marriage, which was ratified and confirmed by Pope Boniface IX. Their children were given the surname Beaufort from John’s lost castle in Champagne that he had inherited through his first wife. Their three bastard sons were legitimated 9 Feb. 1396/7, but were barred from succession to the English throne. The eldest son of John and Katherine was:
1. SIR JOHN BEAUFORT, 1st Earl of Somerset, Marquess of Dorset, Knight of the Garter, born about 1370/1, died testate in the hospital of St. Catherine-by-the-Tower on 16 March 1409/10, buried in St. Michael’s chapel in Canterbury Cathedral. He married before 28 Sept. 1397 to MARGARET DE HOLAND, daughter of Thomas de Holand, 2nd Earl of Kent. Their elder daughter was:
2. JOAN BEAUFORT, Queen of Scotland, died at Dunbar 15 July 1445, buried in the Charterhouse of Perth. Her first husband, whom she married 2 or 13 Feb. 1423/4 at St. Mary Overy’s, Southwark, was JAMES I, King of Scots, who was born Dec. 1394 at Dunfermline, crowned 21 May 1424 at Scone, assassinated 21 Feb. 1436/7 at Perth, where he was buried in the Carthusian Church. Her second husband, whom she married in 1439, was Sir James Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorne. King James I was succeeded by his second, but oldest surviving, son:
3. JAMES II, King of Scots, called “James of the Fiery Face” from a red birthmark on his cheek, born 16 Oct. 1430, killed at the siege of Roxburgh Castle on 3 Aug. 1460 by the accidental bursting of a cannon. James married 3 July 1449 to MARIE OF GUELDRES, daughter of Arnold, Duke of Guelders. Their second son was:
4. ALEXANDER STEWART, Earl of March, Lord of Annandale, 3rd Duke of Albany, born about 1454, rebelled against his brother King James III, finally exiled to France, killed 1485 by the splinter of a lance at a tournament in Paris between the Duke of Orleans and another knight, buried in the church of the Celestins in Paris. He married KATHERINE SINCLAIR, daughter of William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness, 3rd Earl of Orkney. However, the marriage was determined to be unlawful on the grounds of propinquity of blood, and was dissolved 2 March 1477/8. The children of Katherine and Alexander were therefore ruled to be illegitimate, including the eldest son:
5. ALEXANDER STEWART, Bishop of Moray, who died 1537 and was buried in Scone. With his own consent, Alexander was declared illegitimate by Act of Parliament 13 Nov. 1516. He became a churchman: in 1504, he was Dean of Dunbar, and in 1516 he was Prior of Whithorn and Abbot of Inchaffray, and he afterwards became Abbot of Scone. In 1527, he was consecrated Bishop of Moray. However, like many Catholic prelates of that era, he was not faithful to his vow of celibacy. By an unknown mistress or mistresses, Alexander had four children, including an illegitimate daughter named:
6. MARGARET STEWART, who died between 16 April 1548 and 15 June 1551, whose first husband was PATRICK GRAHAM, 1st. of Inchbrakie, died 1536. Their daughter was:
7. JANET GRAHAM, died August 1575, married DOUGAL CAMPBELL, dead by 21 May 1555, son of Sir John Campbell, 4th. of Ardkinglas. (See APPENDIX A, Line B no. 8)
Ancestors of Alexander Stewart, 1st of Ardvorlich, Ryk Brown,
published on the internet at:
Balfour Paul, Sir James (SP)
Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood’s Edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s
‘Peerage of Scotland’, several vols. cited.
“Robert Stewart, Provost of Linlithgow in 1615,” in The Stewarts, A
Historical and General Magazine for the Stewart Society, vol. 3,
1997 The Early Stewart Kings – Robert II and Robert III 1371-1406,
Tuckwell Press Ltd., East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland.
Burke’s Landed Gentry (LG)
1939 A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of
The Blackhall Connection, Jared Olar, published on the internet at:
2004 The Stewarts of Blairgarry and the Stuiartich a’ Bhaid, Jared Linn
Olar and Belinda Dettmann, published on the internet at:
Branch Eight of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran – Descent from John
Stewart in Brackland, Belinda Dettmann, published online at:
Comrie MacGregor, Gordon A. (MacGregor)
2003 The Landed Families of Perthshire, Vol. I: The Earldom of
Strathearn, Dundee, Perthshire Heritage.
Edson, George Thomas (SCM)
Stewart Clan Magazine, various issues cited.
2005 The Gartnafueran Connection, Jared Linn Olar, published online at
Halleck, Evangeline Linn
1941 Descendants of George Linn, Edwards Brothers, Inc., Ann Arbor,
1997 “The Stewarts of Blackhall, Ardgowan, and Auchingowan – Part One,”
Jared L. Olar, in The Journal of Ancient and Medieval Studies XIV
(1997), pp.44-52; with additions and corrections in The Journal of
Ancient and Medieval Studies XV (1998), pp.22-52.
2000 “The Stewarts of Blackhall, Ardgowan, and Auchingowan – Part
Three,” Jared L. Olar, in The Journal of Ancient and Medieval
Studies XVII (2000), pp.10-23; with additions and corrections in
The Journal of Ancient and Medieval Studies XVIII (2001) p.21.
Kings and Cousins
1999 Kings and Cousins: A Genealogical History of North Ireland and
Scotland – the unfinished work of Clyde Robert A’Neals,
compiled, edited, and privately published by his family.
Patrie, Lois McClellan
A History of Colrain, Massachusetts – With Genealogies of Early
Families, reprinted by Higginson Book Co., Salem, Mass.
2005 From Plantagenet to Stewart of Glenbuckie, Jared Linn Olar,
published on the internet at:
Branch Seven of Gartnafuaran – the Portnellan Stewarts – Possible
Descendants of John Stuart in Portisland, Belinda Dettmann, published
on the internet at:
The Principal Families of the Balquhidder Stewarts, Ryk Brown,
published on the internet at:
Severance, B. Frank
1905 Genealogy and Biography of the Descendants of Walter Stewart of
Scotland and of John Stewart who Came to America in 1718, and
Settled in Londonderry, N.H., Greenfield, Massachusetts.
1739 A Short Historical and Genealogical Account of the Royal Family
of Scotland . . . to Which is Prefixed a Genealogical and
Chronological Tree of the Royal Family and the Name of Stewart,
Edinburgh, W. Sands, A. Brymer, A. Murray & J. Cochran.
Stewarts of Ardvorlich
The Stewarts of Ardvorlich, Loch Earn, Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland,
Ryk Brown, published on the internet at:
Stewarts of Garroquhill
The Stewarts of Garroquhill, Stirlingshire, Scotland, Ryk Brown,
published on the internet at:
Stewarts of Gartnafuaran
The Stewarts of Gartnafuaran, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland, Ryk
Brown and Jared Olar, published on the internet at:
Stewarts of Glenogle
The Stewarts of Glenogle – Fifth Branch of the Stewarts of
Gartnafuaran, Jared Linn Olar, August 2006, publish on the internet at:
Stewarts of the South
Stewarts of the South, a series of letters on the genealogy of Stewart
families of Balquhidder, written circa 1815-1820, possibly by Capt.
James Stewart, for Col. David Stewart of Garth, who was contemplating
writing a history of the Stewarts.
1 Stewart genealogical researcher Rev. Ryk Brown writes: “The Stewarts of Ardvorlich were, and still are, a clan of Highland Stewarts descended from Robert Stewart, King Robert II of Scots. They established themselves at Ardvorlich on the south shore of Loch Earn, straddling the parishes of Balquhidder to the west and Comrie to the east, in Perthshire, Scotland. They were a notorious clan whose early exploits were fictionalized by Sir Walter Scott in his book, A Legend of Montrose. They were partly involved in the proscriptions against Clan Gregor which led to all of the MacGregor name being mercilessly hunted. They were involved in brazen cattle raids, murder, and magic. They had dealings with the notorious Rob Roy. And the Stewarts of Ardvorlich still occupy the same property today as their earliest ancestor, Alexander Stewart, 1st Ardvorlich, did over 400 years ago. . . . Ardvorlich is located roughly midway along the south shore of Loch Earn (‘The Lake of the Irish’) in Perthshire, Scotland (see map below). It is located at the west end of the parish of Comrie, but it closely borders with the neighbouring parish of Balquhidder. The current laird of Ardvorlich is Alexander (Sandy) Stewart, 15th of Ardvorlich. Ardvorlich, in Gaelic, is Ard Mhor an t-Sluic, which means ‘the high lands (or shielings) of the great hollow.’ Ardvorlich is located at the foot of Benvorlich (‘the mountain of the great hollow’).” (See Stewarts of Ardvorlich)
2 Ryk Brown writes: “If there was anything like a Clan Association of Balquhidder Stewarts we would recognize our legitimate titular Clan Chief to be the current laird of Ardvorlich as the head of the senior and only surviving family of this clan. However to the best of our knowledge, the current Laird of Ardvorlich makes no such claim to this role and there is no such official designation.” (See Principal Families and the genealogical tables found there.)
3 See Principal Families.
4 This information on Robert II, his wives, and children comes from SP I pp.15-17.
5 The information on Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, comes from SP I pp.146-149, SP IX pp.9-10, Duncan Stewart pp.151-156, and Boardman.
6 The information on Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, comes from SP I pp.149-151, LG p.2146, and Duncan Stewart pp.156-158. See also the genealogical tables at Principal Families.
7 See SP I p.151, LG p.2146, and Duncan Stewart pp.158-159. Duncan Stewart incorrectly assigns six sons to James Mhor who it is now known were sons of James’ older brother Sir Walter Stewart, Master of Fife.
Ryk Brown writes, “James reacted to his father’s imprisonment and trial by leading an attack on the village of Dumbarton, burning it and killing the governor of the castle, Sir John Stewart ‘The Red Stewart’ (who would have been James Mhor’s grandfather’s half-brother). Unfortunately this action sealed the fate of James’ father and brothers and they were all executed. Another version of the story has James sacking Dumbarton in revenge after his father and brothers were killed. Either way, James then fled to Ireland as an outlaw where he later died.” (See Ardvorlich Ancestors)
8 In an email sent to me on 26 Aug. 2005, Kelsey Williams says that “Patrick Stewart’s 1763 genealogy of the Stewarts of Ledcreich (a rather late source but one probably based on earlier records)” refers to James Mhor’s consort as “his lady, said to be a daughter of the Earl of Antrims [sic], predecessor of the Kingdom of Ireland.” [Kelsey Jackson Williams, “The Scottish Ancestry of Patrick and William Stewart of the Carolinas,” The American Genealogist 80:1 (January 2005):13] Continuing, Williams writes (emphasis added), “This is, however, gibberish. The MacDomhnaills (indifferently anglicized MacDonnell or MacDonald in this period) weren’t created Earls of Antrim until 1620 and the reference to ‘the Kingdom of Ireland’ is entirely vague. The best one can determine from the statement is that Patrick Stewart appears to have thought that this MacDonald woman was the daughter of the head of the Antrim MacDomhnaills and both Ryk [Brown] and I have concluded that the most likely candidate in this scenario would be Iain Mor MacDomhnaill, 1st of Dunyveg & the Glens (d. 1427), presumably by his wife, Mary or Marjorie Bisset, heiress of the Glens of Antrim. [Jean & R.W. Munro, eds., Acts of the Lords of the Isles, 1336-1493 (Edinburgh: The Scottish History Society, 1986), 293.] Unfortunately, all of this is very tenuous, resting as it does on one late and obviously very garbled source.”
Williams is right that the quote from Patrick Stewart’s genealogy is gibberish. It seems the problem is erroneous transcription and punctuation by an earlier writer. No doubt the correct punctuation should be, “his lady, said to be a daughter of the Earl of Antrim’s predecessor, of the Kingdom of Ireland.” That punctuation is in agreement with Williams’ suggestion that James Mhor’s consort was a daughter of the ancestor (“predecessor”) of the Earl of Antrim.
Many sources (such as Duncan Stewart pp.158-160) have incorrectly shown Andrew, Lord Evandale, Murdoch, Arthur, Robert, Alexander, and Walter of Morphie as sons of James Mhor. SP I p.150 shows Andrew, Arthur, and Walter as sons of James’ older brother Sir Walter. Gordon MacGregor’s research corroborates SP’s statements. I follow SP I pp.151 in assigning only a son James and a daughter Matilda to James Mhor.
9 See SP I p.151, LG p.2146, and Duncan Stewart pp.172-173. See also Principal Families. The source for the granting of Easter Baldorran is a genealogical chart prepared in 1988 by Scots researchers Kenneth Robertson and James Dinwoodie, on file at the Stewart Society in Edinburgh.
10 See LG p.2146 and Duncan Stewart p.173-179. See also Principal Families. On Robertson and Dinwoodie’s genealogical chart, William is shown as a natural son of James Beg, which if true would indicate that he was not the son of James’ wife Annabel Buchanan.
11 The Stewarts of Garroquhill (also called Garthill or Garchell) are a recently-discovered cadet branch of the Stewarts of Baldorran. (See Stewarts of Garroquhill)
12 MacGregor pp.426-427. See also Stewarts of Gartnafuaran.
13 Duncan Stewart p.178.
14 See Stewarts of the South pp.20, 61. “The Gartnafuaran family sometimes claims the seniority which I think is unjust as Ardvurlich had a good property and was long in possession which gives them the apparent reality of being the Stem . . . . I am now about to proceed to the family of Gart-na-fuara the third family of the Stewarts of the South who claim being descended of the oldest of the three sons; although they are the last, I think they ought to be the second at least – In general, they are something like the family of Ardvourlich, not altogether valient as the Glen-bucky family but more of a Low country nature.”
On the character of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran, Stewarts of the South p.73 also says, “This last family which I have mentioned, there were some characters among them equal to any of the Stewarts both in point of valour, and quickness of penetration; although I must own I never saw or heard of any of them who was capable for the execution of great undertakings.”
15 The 1988 genealogical chart prepared by Robertson and Dinwoodie shows “John of Glenbucky” and “Andrew of Gartnafueran” as natural sons of William Stewart of Baldorran, who is himself shown as a natural son of James Beg.
16 MacGregor pp.426-427.
17 Email from Gordon MacGregor to Ryk Brown, 12 Aug. 2004.
18 Stewarts of the South pp.25, 71. Ryk Brown writes, “Sliochd an tigh mhoil means ‘Children of Voil House,’ presumably so named because they lived near Loch Voil. Voil (‘mhoil’) is of uncertain origin but is probably a form of mol, meaning ‘a shingly beach, or a pebbly beach.’” (See Stewarts of Gartnafuaran)
19 See Stewarts of Gartnafuaran.
20 Stewarts of the South p.71.
21 McGregor pp.426-427, Duncan Stewart p.178. See also Stewarts of Gartnafuaran and Gartnafueran Connection.
22 Duncan Stewart p.178. See also Blairgarry.
23 McGregor pp.426-427, Duncan Stewart p.178.
24 According to Gordon McGregor, the Reg. Privy Seal. Vol.VI. No. 737. 8 Sept. 1569, shows a “Gift to Alexander Stewart in Pittareg of the escheat of numerous persons all from Balquhidder including Alexander Stewart in ‘Gartnascrow’ and Andrew his son also Duncan Stewart his son, and Blak Alexander Stewart in Glenbuckie and Patrick his son, for the murder of Hugh and John Stewart, his brother, in the lands of Balquhidder in December last .”
Gordon McGregor has also suggested that Duncan Stewart, son of Alexander Stewart in Gartnafarow, may be the same as the Duncan McAllester Stewart mentioned in a 1569 tack, as follows: “Tack by dame Jonet Stewart, lady Ruthvene, to John, earl of Atholl, lord of Balveny, her grandson (sic. should be nephew), of her two merkland of old extent of Carneley, occupied by Malcolm McCoulkere and Duncan McAllester Stewart, and the two and a half merkland of old extent of Glenbaith, occupied by John McYulay VcAne Vore, in lordship of Balquhidder, sheriffdom of Perth, for three years, 12 April 1569.”
25 This is the “Johne Stewart in Kirkton of Buchquhiddir” who signed a bond of 1557 for his kinsman Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy. See also end note 28. Rev. Ryk Brown suggests that John Stewart in Kirkton could be the ancestor of a Stewart family in Glenfinglas. The Ardvorlich History records the following Stewarts as tenants in Glenfinglas in 1623: “Alexander S. alias M’ean, John, Archibald, and Andrew, his sons, Walter M’eandowie alias Stewart.” “M’ean” is “mac Iain,” son of John, while “M’eandowie” is “mac Iain Dubh,” son of Black John. Either Alexander or Walter, or both of them, could have been sons of John Stewart in Kirkton, although the fact that they were not known by the same patronymic might indicate that they were not brothers. In any case, it is known that the Gartnafuaran family acquired a ¼ portion of Glenfinglas just before 1622.
26 See Stewarts of Glenogle and Stewarts of Gartnafuaran.
27 McGregor pp.426-427, Duncan Stewart p.178.
28 This information comes from a page of “Gartnafueran References” (part of the Ardvorlich Papers on file at the Stewart Society in Edinburgh) supplied by James Dinwoodie: “1557 Bond by Andro Stewart in Gartnafoir, Johne Stewart in Kirkton of Buchquhiddir his brother, Robert Stewart in Tullich, Alexander Stewart in Monochaill, Alexander Stewart son to Johne Roy Stewart, to Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhay giving him their calp and also to get as many of their friends, surname, and others as they can. Witnesses. Walter Stewart in Balliefulzie, Patrick Stewart in Glenbuckie, Duncan Stewart in Branchaill. At the Caudmoir 15th Novr. 1557 (Cosmo Innes, Black Book of Taymouth).”
29 William Stewart, 3rd of Baldorran, married Mariota Campbell, daughter of Sir Colin Campbell, 1st of Glenorchy. Andrew and John were grandsons of William’s younger brother Andrew.
30 This information comes from a page of “Gartnafueran References” provided by James Dinwoodie.
31 McGregor pp.426-427, Duncan Stewart p.178. Philip B. Stewart II said this Walter Stewart is the first Gartnafuaran name written in the Merrell Bible.
32 Duncan Stewart p.178, McGregor pp.426-427. Duncan Stewart said Walter was married to a woman whose maiden name was Buchan, but he did not know the Christian name of Walter’s wife. Philip B. Stewart II said her name is written in the Merrell Bible as “Elizabeth Buchan,” wife of Walter Stewart.
33 McGregor pp.426-427, Duncan Stewart p.178.
34 Among the “Gartnafueran References” provided by James Dinwoodie, we read, “1636 At Trial of Gilderoy there is mention of Gilderoy’s party breaking into and stealing articles from Allester Dow Stewart his dwelling house at Gartnafarrow. (Memorials of Troubles in Scotland, Spalding Club, Vol. I p.437.) James Stewart of Ardvorlich was also a member of this jury.”
Allester Dow or Alastair Du, that is, Black Alexander, is identified in The Edward S. Gray Papers (on file at the Stewart Society in Edinburgh) as Alexander Stewart, 5th of Gartnafuaran. However, the 5th laird of Gartnafuaran was dead by 1622, while Gilderoy’s trial was in 1636. Unless the break-in at Gartnafuaran happened many years before the trial, when the 5th laird of Gartnafuaran was still living, it would appear that Allester Dow was Alexander, youngest son of Alexander Stewart, 5th of Gartnafuaran.
35 Stewarts of the South p.61 says, “In general, [the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran] are something like to the family of Ardvourlich, not altogether valient as the Glen-bucky family but more of a Low country nature. The only distinguished character known to me of this family was one ‘Walter-du-mor’ who with his two sons was killed at the battle of Kilsyth – some say however that they were killed at the battle of ‘Bodle brig’ which was certainly not the case.”
This Walter Dubh Mhor (Big Black Walter, so named from his size and his hair color) is said to have fallen, along with his two sons, at the Battle of Kilsyth, 15 Aug. 1645, when Montrose, though outnumbered, routed the Covenanters. Since Walter had two sons of fighting age in 1645, he was probably born circa 1600-1610, which means he could have been a younger son of Alexander Stewart, 5th of Gartnafuaran.
36 Stewarts of the South p.63 names the third branch of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran as the Sliochd Rob Dhuibh mhoir, that is, the Children of Big Black Robert, and says Rob Dubh Mhor “was a son of Gartnafuara, [and] tenant of Wester Ardchubry, Balquidder Parish in Strathyre district of Auchlessy.” Since the most likely meaning of “son of Gartnafuara” is “son of a laird of Gartnafuaran,” Rob could be the same as Robert, third son of Alexander Stewart, 5th of Gartnafuaran. However, Gordon MacGregor has shown that it is also possible Alexander’s third son Robert should be identified as Robert Stewart of Culgartmore, ancestor of the Stewarts of Collie mhori, another branch of Gartnafuaran.
37 McGregor pp.426-427, Duncan Stewart p.179. Philip B. Stewart II said this Andrew and his wife Margaret are named in the Merrell Bible.
38 This is found on the list of “Gartnafueran References” supplied by James Dinwoodie, which cites as the source Spalding’s Memoirs of Troubles in Scotland, Vol. I p.437 and Privy Seal 1622 13th Oct. Vol. xiii p.758 1st Ser.
39 McGregor pp.426-427, Duncan Stewart p.179. Philip B. Stewart II said this Walter and his wife Isobel are named in the Merrell Bible. In James Dinwoodie’s possession are some notes written by Philip Stewart, dated 29 Aug. 1988. Dinwoodie provided a photocopy of these notes to Charles Stuart of Glasgow, who in turned photocopied them for me. In his notes, Philip Stewart said (emphasis in original): “These names [i.e., Walter Stewart, 4th of Gartnafuaran, and his wife Elizabeth Buchan; Alexander Stewart, 5th of Gartnafuaran, and his wife Janet MacGregor; Andrew Stewart, 6th of Gartnafuaran, and his wife Margaret Stewart; and Walter Stewart, 7th of Gartnafuaran, and his wife Isobel Stewart] are from the old Bible although we knew Walter’s name and we thought his wife’s name was ISABEL.”
That is, although Walter and Isobel are named in the Merrell Bible, even before discovering that Bible, Philip Stewart (and apparently Kenneth Robertson) already knew that Philip’s ancestor Robert was the son of a Walter, and thought Walter’s wife was named Isabel.
40 In SCM Dec. 1962, vol. 40, p.265, George Thomas Edson quoted the following passage from Duncan Stewart’s 1739 history of the Stewarts (emphasis added):
“John Stewart of Kinnachin signed, with several gentlemen of the name of Stewart in Athole (such as the predecessors of Bonskeid, Clunie, Duntaulich, Fincastle, Sir Gilbert Stewart of Polcack, Foss, Balnakillie, etc.), a bond of association with the Stewarts of Appin and those of Balquhidder, or the southwest district of Perthshire. This bond is dated at the burn of Keltney, anno 1654. Duncan Stewart, fiar of Appin, and James Stewart there, signed this bond, as did James Stewart of Ardvorlich, John Stewart of Annat and Duncan Stewart, his son, predecessor in Ballachalan, John Stewart, predecessor to Glenbucky, Walter Stewart, predecessor to Gartnafuaroe, Robert Stewart, predecessor to Hyndfield, etc.”
Edson had previously referred to the 1654 Bond of Keltney Burn in SCM Jan. 1940, vol. XVII, no. 7, pp. 126-127. Although Edson did not make clear in that place what his source was for the information on this bond, he used very similar language to describe circumstances of the bond and the bond’s signatories, showing that his source was Duncan Stewart’s 1739 history. In SCM Jan. 1940, Edson said this bond of association was “in tacit support of Charles II.”
The fact that Walter Stewart, 7th of Gartnafuaran, signed this bond of association in support of Charles II suggests that he may have had Covenanting sympathies. In any event, his second son Robert certainly was a Covenanter.
41 In the Edward S. Gray Papers, on file at the Stewart Society in Edinburgh, this Walter is described as “WALTER STEWART, Gartnafuaroe, also in Auchinferron (in Staryllane evid., 27 March 1679, and if so testament confd. at that date), . . . .” A photocopy of this page from the Edward S. Gray Papers was provided to Charles Stuart of Glasgow, who in turn kindly provided a photocopy of the page to me.
42 Duncan Stewart pp.174-175, 177, 179.
43 McGregor pp.426-427, Duncan Stewart p.179.
44 On the page of “Gartnafueran References” provided by James Dinwoodie, we find, “1722 Nov. 7th Sasine. Alexander Stewart of Gartnafueran and Mylne of Callar, from the Duke of Atholl,” “1722 Lammas Term. Alexander Stewart in Gartnafueran is confirmed in all and haill the eight merk land of Gartnafuaran and others lying within the sherifdom of Perth holden feu of his Grace the Duke of Atholl. Composition 16 merks Scots – 11/1 ½ stg. (Exchequer Vol. I of Confirmations p.191),” and, “1724 Alexander Stewart of Gartnafuero. (Macfarlane’s Geographical Collections Vol. I S.H.S.).”
Scots genealogical researcher Gordon MacGregor has found two other sasines of Alexander Stewart: “Sasine to James Campbell, son of Duncan Campbell, brother of the Laird of Edinample, for the eighth part of the lands of Gartnaferan called Stronslanny, granted in his favor by Alexander Stewart of Gartnaferan. Dated at the Kirkton of Balquidder on 13 December 1729, before these witnesses, Patrick Campbell of Edinchip, John Stewart of Hyndfield, James Stewart, son to said Alexander S. and Thomas Campbell, writer in Killin,” and, “Sasine in favor of Walter Stewart in Glenfinglas of the lands of Gartnaferan in security for a bond of 600 merks Scots granted by him to Alexander and James, elder and younger of Gartnaferan. Dated 9 August 1732.”
The Edward S. Gray Papers also state that Alexander was “living 18 Nov. 1724.” It should be mentioned, however, that the Edward S. Gray Papers wrongly show a Jean Stewart as a daughter of Alexander Stewart, 8th of Gartnafuaran. Jean Stewart, wife of Alexander Stewart, died 1707, Tacksman of an eighth part of Glenfinglas, son of Duncan Stewart in Duart, was the daughter of an “Alexander Stewart in Gartnafuaran” – but the chronology shows that Jean’s father Alexander must have been older than Alexander Stewart, 8th of Gartnafuaran. It is possible that Jean’s father was Alexander, youngest son of Alexander Stewart, 5th of Gartnafuaran.
Belinda Dettmann suggests that two children of Alexander Stewart, 8th of Gartnafuaran, appear in the old parish register of Balquhidder: “Alexander Steuart and Margaret Campbell in Sronslanie and tacksman of Gartnaf___ 1696 had a child baptized and called Walter.” That seems to be Walter Stewart, second son of Alexander Stewart, 8th of Gartnafuaran. Another entry in the Balquhidder parish register says, “Alexr Steuart in Sronslany had a child baptized 2d Agust 1704 called Mary.” Besides those two children mentioned by Dettmann, a possible illegitimate child of Alexander Stewart, 8th of Gartnafuaran, could be mentioned in the register as follows: “___ Steuart in Sronslany had a child bapt begotten in Adultery Ap 27 1707 called John.”
45 McGregor pp.426-427, Duncan Stewart p.179.
46 McGregor pp.426-427, Stewarts of the South p.61.
47 Stewarts of the South p.71.
48 That quote appears on the page of “Gartnafueran References” provided by James Dinwoodie.
49 Belinda Dettmann discovered this Walter and Janet Stewart and their children Catherine, Alexander, John, and Margaret, and suggested that they were the Gartnafuaran family. Walter, the last Stewart laird of Gartnafuaran, had a son named Alexander, but Dettmann’s hypothesis identifying the wife and other children of Walter is not yet confirmed, though it is likely to be correct.
50 McGregor pp.426-427, Stewarts of the South p.61-62.
51 Stewarts of the South p.61. Old Perthshire parish registers show a family that may be the same as this one. The registers show an Alexander Stewart and Janet Stewart as the parents of Alexander Stewart, baptised 25 Aug. 1775, in Port of Menteith, Perthshire, a second Alexander Stewart, baptised 25 Aug. 1778, in Port of Menteith, and Walter Stewart, baptised 20 July 1784, in Port of Menteith. Evidently the first son named Alexander died young, so the second son was named Alexander.
52 Stewarts of the South pp.61-62.
53 See Stewarts of the South pp.61-62, which continues with this puzzling comment: “There is also another Brother of the real family and is nearest to the abovementioned Walter, a tenant in Glen-finlas, one of the eight tenants of the name of Stewart, and pays a rent of one hundred guineas. This person is rather a silly indolent man, and, however, has some abilities but cannot make any use of them either for himself or family – is married to a very genteel woman from Aberdeenshire – has three sons under age.”
Stewarts of the South pp.84-85 lists the eight Stewart tenants of Glenfinglas, and identifies this “another Brother of the real family” as “Mr. Walter Stewart, Auchnahard, Glenfinglass, of the first Branch of Gartnamfuaran (sic) family but very [illegible] them, an indifferent Character to be so near the head of a family, 105 pounds, Earl of Murray’s property – unjustly turned out since this was wrote.”
Since this Walter was a “brother of the real family,” and belonged to “the first Branch” of Gartnafuaran, he must have been the brother of the chief representative of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran. He could not have been a third son of Alexander Stewart, son of the last Stewart of Gartnafuaran, because that Alexander already had a son named Walter, his oldest son and heir. It would seem that Walter Stewart in Auchnahard of Glenfinglas was a son of the last Stewart of Gartnafuaran, a younger brother of Alexander.
Belinda Dettmann suggests that this Walter Stewart in Auchnahard may be the Walter Stewart in Auchnahard who appears in the old Callander parish register as the husband of Elizabeth Robertson and father of Daniel Stewart, born 14 March 1807 in Auchnahard, and Charles Stewart, born 3 Nov. 1809 in Auchnahard. If we have correctly identified the father of Walter Stewart in Auchnahard, it would appear that Walter, who was born probably about 1760, married much later than usual, which may or may not agree with the description of Walter as “rather a silly indolent man.”
54 Stewarts of the South pp.62-63.
55 Duncan Stewart p.178. The word a’ Bhaid is the vocative form of the Gaelic root bad, meaning “a clump [of dirt]” or “a tuft.” Thus, the Stuiartich a’ Bhaid were the “Stewarts of the Tuft” or “Stewarts of the Clump.” Ryk Brown suggests that it was a reference to the appearance of this family’s property. Another possibility is that it has to do with the old Gaelic custom of pulling a tuft of grass or taking a clump of soil in order to symbolise taking possession of a parcel of land. Perhaps the family name signifies the fact that this branch took possession of their lands earlier than the other Gartnafuaran branches. Or perhaps there was some notable anecdote about the ceremony by which this family first took possession of their lands, an anecdote that led them to be known in the neighborhood as “Stewarts of the Tuft/Clump.”
56 See Blairgarry.
56 Stewarts of the South pp.63-64.
57 Stewarts of the South p.63.
59 Stewarts of the South pp.64-66.
60 Stewarts of the South pp.64-65.
61 Stewarts of the South pp.66-68. See also Stewarts of Glenogle.
62 Stewarts of the South p.66.
63 Stewarts of the South pp.68-69. “Coille mhori” is Gaelic for “large grove.”
64 Stewarts of the South p.68.
65 Stewarts of the South pp.69. “Port-an-Ealan” or Portnellan is Gaelic for “port of the island.”
67 See Portnellan Stewarts.
68 Stewarts of the South pp.70-71.
69 Stewarts of the South p.70. In Gaelic, Stuirtaich Chireu signifies “the Reddish-Brown Stewarts.”
70 See Brackland Stewarts.
71 B. Frank Severance first compiled the genealogical history of this family in 1905, but was unable to trace the genealogy beyond Walter Stewart, father of Robert Stewart, Covenanter (1655-1714). Of Walter, Severance wrote, “Comparatively little information can be found concerning Walter Stewart 1st, but it is said that he belonged to the ‘House of White Rose,’ and that his estate lay in Perthshire, Scotland. A letter from Walter McLeod, 112 Thirlestone Road, Edinburgh, tells us nothing of his antecedents, and here we are compelled to let the matter rest and turn our attention to his descendants.” (Severance p.2).
Over the decades, George Thomas Edson, a descendant of this family, devoted several issues of his Stewart Clan Magazine to the question of the origin of the Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H. In addition to researching the Stewarts of Blackhall and Ardgowan (since this family was said to have some kind of connection to a “House of Black Hall”), Edson also studied some of the Stewart families of Perthshire. In SCM Jan. 1940, vol. XVII, no. 7, p.127, Edson explored the Stewarts of Kinnachin, Perthshire, which led him to mention the 1654 Bond of Keltney Burn. Edson showed that the bond was signed by Walter Stewart, 7th of Gartnafuaran, and by Walter’s father-in-law, John Stewart, 6th of Glenbuckie. Then in the next few paragraphs, Edson noticed that a Forsyth was employed by a Stewart of Kinnachin, and that Robert Stewart (1655-1714), said to have come from Perthshire, had married a Forsyth. But Edson never realised that he had chanced upon the father and maternal grandfather of Robert Stewart among the signatories of the Bond of Keltney Burn.
Another descendant of this family, Clyde R. A’Neals of San Diego, California, believed he had found Robert Stewart’s father Walter among the Stewarts of Blackhall and Ardgowan – A’Neals put forth the hypothesis, since found to be false, that Robert Stewart was the same as Robert, a younger son of Walter Stewart of Pardovan, Linlithgowshire, third son of Sir Archibald Stewart of Blackhall and Ardgowan.
72 Severance pp.2-4. Robert’s participation at Bothwell Brigg reminds one of the tradition in Stewarts of the South p.61, which says that “some say” incorrectly that a Walter-du-mor fell with his two sons at Bothwell Brigg, “which was certainly not the case.” (See end note 35) Walter-du-mor and his sons died at Kilsyth in 1645, not Bothwell Brigg in 1679. The confusion was due in part to the fact that both battles were defeats for the Covenanters. It is possible that Robert and his father Walter were both Covenanters. Thus, because both Robert and Walter-du-mor fought at battles where the Covenanters were defeated, and because Robert’s father was named Walter, later generations may have garbled some family traditions, so that some moved the deaths of Walter-du-mor and his sons from the 1645 battle to the 1679 battle.
73 Severance pp.vii, 2, 33-35.
74 Severance pp.4-7, 167-168.
75 Severance pp.5-7.
76 Severance pp.167-168.
77 Severance pp.33-34.
78 Severance p.33.
79 Severance p.21 interprets “House of Black Hall” as “a descendant of John Stewart, natural son of King Robert III. of Scotland,” i.e., a member of the family of the Stewarts of Blackhall, Ardgowan, and Auchingoun. In Kings and Cousins, A’Neals advocated his hypothesis that the Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H., belonged to a cadet branch of the Stewarts of Blackhall. A’Neals’ hypothesis is briefly mentioned on p.23 of JAMS XVII.
80 Kings and Cousins p.140.
81 James Dinwoodie informed me in a letter dated 7 April 2004 that, “Walter [Stewart of Pardovan] and Elizabeth had at least three sons, Archibald, b.1664, Robert, b.1666, and Walter, b.1667. It is understandable that the Blackhall, Ardgowan connection is interesting, but the Battle of Bothwell Brig took place in 1679, when Robert was only 13. Robert Stewart the Covenanter was 24 years old and married [in 1679].” (emphasis in original)
Not only was Walter Stewart of Pardovan’s son Robert too young to be Robert Stewart the Covenanter, but Robert of Pardovan predeceased his father, apparently dying without issue. This we know because Pardovan was originally destined for Archibald, the eldest son, but Archibald predeceased his father, so the estates passed instead to Archibald’s younger brother Walter. If Robert were still alive when his father died circa 1680, or had any living sons, the estates would not have come to Walter. Compare the information in Beveridge p.258, but note that Beveridge did not know about Robert of Pardovan.
82 Philip Battell Stewart II, born 1922, was the son of John Wolcott Stewart II, son of Philip Battell Stewart I, son of John Wolcott Stewart I, son of Ira Stewart, son of John Stewart, son of Samuel Stewart, son of John Stewart, son of Robert Stewart (1655-1714), son of Walter Stewart, 7th of Gartnafuaran. (Severance pp.2-15, 27-28, 76-81, 117, 146.)
83 James Dinwoodie has provided me with a photocopy of this letter.
84 See end note 39 and the notes of Philip B. Stewart quoted there.
85 Severance pp.33-34.
86 As we see from the 1654 Bond of Keltney Burn. See end notes 40 and 71 above.
87 The line from Robert Stewart (1655-1714) down to my own family is drawn from Severance pp.1-22, 31-35, 167-168; Patrie pp.153-154, 162; and Halleck pp.1-46, 68-75, 99-100, 108, 135, 142-143, 167. The suggestion that Robert Stewart’s wife Janette Forsyth may have been the daughter of John Forsyth and Catherine Morisone comes from James Dinwoodie and Kenneth Robertson’s 1988 pedigree chart of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran and the Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H., and Colrain, Mass. Nora Stewart Yahl, Mary Stewart Clickner, and Clyde R. A’Neals provided the information on how their families branched off this lineage.
88 For documentation of the pedigrees in Appendix A, see Blackhall Connection, from which Appendix A has been adapted.
89 For documentation of the pedigree in Appendix B, see Plantagenet, from which Appendix B has been adapted.